This Week's Gardening Tips from the Savvygardener
Missouri Organic Mulch, Compost, Bulk Soil
In This Issue
~ Don't Dig Too Deep ~ Oak Galls? ~ If It's Growing We're Mowing
~ Bedtime For Gardens? ~ Deer Deterrents ~ This Week's Photos
~ Why Isn't My Red Maple Red? ~ Poinsettia Planning ~ Inspiration
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Feature Articles

~ All About Composting
~ All About Mulch
~ Worm Composting
~ Houseplant Care
~ When to Start
Seeds Indoors
~ Seed Starting Indoors
~ Vegetable Garden Calendar
~ Seed Starting Tomatoes


Shrub Pruning Calendar
~ Pruning Clematis 
~ Gardening in the Shade
~ Summer-Flowering Bulb Care
~ Drought-Tolerant Flowers for KC
~ Preparing for a Soil Test
~ Changing the pH of Your Soil
~ Growing Herbs
~ When to Harvest Vegetables
~ Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
~ Organic Pesticides & Biopesticides
~ Cold Frames & Hot Beds
~ When to Divide Perennials
~ Dividing Spring Blooming Perennials
~ Forcing Bulbs Indoors
~ Overseeding A Lawn
~ Pruning Trees
~ Pruning Shrubs
~ Planting Trees
~ Deer Resistant Plants
~ Trees that Survived the Storm
~ Stump Removal Options for the Homeowner
~ More...
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This Week's Photos

~ October 7, 2009 ~

Change Comes Fast...
It is snowing... leaves! From now until the end of October and maybe into November we will continue to see a constant flurry of leaves falling from the trees. Talk about a full time job. I bet I could spend a couple of hours or more outside daily doing nothing but raking. I find it to be somewhat exhausting but I will not stand for a leaf-covered lawn. I will again, as in years past, cover every garden bed with a layer of mulched leaves 2-3 inches thick. It is good for the soil and plants and by next spring the leaves will have composted into the soil making it just right for spring planting. This is a far better process than bagging leaves to be hauled off to the landfill. If you are going to bag leaves I would encourage you to use tall paper bags that can be purchased at any hardware store. Always try to think green!

Well it certainly is getting cold fast. A bit quicker than I would prefer but it would appear that winter may be upon us sooner than we would like. This weekend we may see our first frost. Temperatures are going to dip down into the low 30's. Oh, how I hate those numbers :) So be prepared. Cover any annuals you are still wanting to keep. Pansies and mums should be fine as they are cool weather plants. It looks like rain is on the way tonight and into tomorrow. The next couple of days look cold and wet. Stay inside, curled up on the sofa with a good book kind of days. That doesn't sound too bad.

New this year! You can now receive our frost alerts on your cell phone by following us on Twitter. This is a great way to make sure our timely warnings reach you before it's too late to do anything about it.

~ Shelly   

Don't Dig Too Deep...
Planting a tree this fall? Great idea! Just make sure you do it right. The planting depth of a new tree is extremely important and often done improperly. Trees that are planted too deep may not grow as fast or be as healthy as those planted properly.

Here's what to do. Dig a hole twice as wide and slightly shallower than the root ball. Roughen the sides and bottom of the hole with a pick or shovel so that roots can penetrate the soil. The root collar (where the trunk and roots meet) should be at least even with, and as much as an inch and a half higher than, the final grade.

Bedtime For Gardens?
We are often asked how and when to "put the garden to bed." The term "putting the garden to bed" means preparing the garden for winter and the weather will dictate when that date is. Our first frost is normally in mid-October (any time now). How "hard" that first frost is will help you decide whether or not it is time to cut back all perennials and rid the garden of all annuals. We always like to squeeze as much time as possible out of the fall garden knowing that once that hard frost hits winter is well on its way. We'll keep you posted on the weather and when that first hard frost is coming.

Why Isn't My Red Maple Red?
Why do some red maple trees have yellow fall foliage instead of brilliant red? Although fall color will vary with different environmental conditions, in many cases the yellow foliage of these red maples is simply due to the genetics of the individual tree. Unnamed red maple trees grown from seed are not always brilliant red. They have highly variable fall color. If you want a red maple with red foliage in the fall, choose named, vegetatively propagated red maple cultivars such as Red Sunset, Magnificent Magenta or Autumn Flame. October Glory has outstanding foliage color but is late in acclimating for winter and can be damaged by early cold snaps. However, even these "good" cultivars will vary in the level of "redness" from year to year. A number of things can reduce the intensity of color including extreme heat or drought during the summer and cloudy days and warm nights in the fall.

Oak Galls?
What are those round bumpy lesions that are appearing on some local oak trees? Very possibly Oak Galls. A number of tiny non-stinging wasps, mites and flies are the culprits behind abnormal growths that develop on the leaves of twigs of oak trees. These galls can include growths that are round, spiny, flattened, elongated or star-shaped.

Generally, these gall insects do not cause significant damage to their hosts though some of the leaf galls can cause deformity to make a tree unsightly. Also, severe infestations of twig galls can cause twig dieback or, in rare cases, death.  However, just because a twig is covered with galls does not mean that it is dead.  Twigs that otherwise look like a solid mass of galls may still leaf out in the spring. More details and a photo are available here...

Deer Deterrents...
To protect your young trees from deer damage, there are a number of deterrents you can try. Hang bars of strong-scented soap, mesh bags filled with human hair, paper bags of dried blood (bloodmeal), or strips cut from white plastic bags on trees that are likely to be attacked. Remember, deer will become accustomed to most any deterrent, so alternating items will help.


Poinsettia Planning...
Thankfully, Christmas is still a way off but if you are planning on displaying home-grown poinsettias it's time to start planning. Poinsettias are short-day plants and must be tricked into blooming for Christmas. Follow these steps: Find a dark, cool (around 55 F) place where the plant will be kept at "night". It must be absolutely dark as even short exposure to a light bulb will throw the process out of kilter. Place the poinsettia in this dark place at 5 PM and leave it there until 8 AM the following day. Between 8 AM and 5 PM place it in a sunny window where temperatures will remain near 70 F. Do this for 11 weeks, watering and fertilizing as usual. With care and patience you should have healthy, blooming poinsettias for the holidays.

If It's Growing We're Mowing...
When do Savvygardeners stop mowing their lawns? When the grass stops growing of course. As long as it continues to grow keep bluegrass cut to 2 inches and tall fescue to 2 inches.  

Don't forget to keep the leaves from piling up and smothering the grass below!

"Flowers have an expression of countenance as much as men or animals. Some seem to smile, some have a sad expression, some are pensive and diffident, others again are plain, honest and upright."

~ Henry Ward Beecher



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